La Paz; the capital of Bolivia is the name of diversity having numerous visitations that allure the tourists and have really the charm to grasped the attention of a visitor. Following are some of the worth mentioning attraction points.
Tiwanaku is referred as one of the greatest crowd carrying sites in La Paz. Tiwanaku is a pre- Columbian archaeological site in the western part of Bolivia. This place was founded by Spanish Conquistador Pedro Cieza de Leon in 1549 when he came across this region while searching for the Inca capital Qullasuyu. The etymology of its name is not clear and known because of the fact that at that time there was no written language. This temple was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2000. This magnificent place is situated at the shores of Lake Titicaca in province of Ingavi, La Paz. The archaeology of Tiwanaku is not really in its good condition as the site has suffered a lot from looting and excavation since shortly after the fall of Tiwanaku. A lot of material had been destroyed at that time. This chaos continued during the Spanish conquest and colonial period and also during 19th century and the very early 20th century. Besides of this destruction by others, a lot of damage was committed by its own people by quarrying stone for building and Rail road construction. A proper detailed study of Tiwanaku was conducted by Ephraim George Squier at the time when he visited this ruined area in the mid 19th century. After his visitation, he published sketches and maps that he had completed during his trip. Similarly another geologist Alphons Stubel who was a German spent nine days in Tiwanaku in 1876 for constructing a map depending on careful measurements. In the 1960s, the government took initiatives to restore and reconstruct the site and a lot of renovations and changes take place at Tiwanaku. For example, the walls of Kalasasaya are more or less reconstructed. Also the gateway of the sun has moved from its original position.
Being a centric plaza of the city L a Paz, Plaza Murillo is of terrible paramount. Juan Gutierrez was the architect who designed Plaza Murillo in 1558. Some colonial buildings including Cabildo, the Cathedral which is now a hub to La Paz’s National Museum of Art, Bishop’s Residence, a building of the Society of Jesus and the Royal Treasury surrounds the plaza. It is also associated to the political esprit of Bolivia because of the devolutionary clashes that were fought among the revolutionists during the independence era and these revolutionists were killed here. That is why after the construction of the plaza, it was named as the Plaza Mayor but now it is known by the name July 16 Plaza (Plaza 16 de Julio). Dazzling trees and a grand statuette of Neptune are located around the plaza. Another interesting and exciting sight in the plaza is the clock that runs anticlockwise which is also the cause of attracting visitors toward itself. It is the vital source of water in a town. As the place is the centre point of the city, so it hustles and bustles most of the times. It is the perfect place where one can find relaxation, one can enjoy the beauty of nature at a harmonize place, having a walk and some snacks with friends. It is also a prominent spot for vendors so a competence of having some food is provided here. It is the public space which offers you the enjoyment and a good time pass as well as to know about the history and a rich culture of Bolivia.
Now comes the depiction of natural beauty of Bolivia; the Madidi National Park. The park is located in La Paz, Bolivia and is stretching over an area of about 18,975.5 kilo meters square. The park was inaugurated in September 21, 1995 and is considered as be in one of the most sheltered and protected region of the world. If we call this place a full package place then it would not be wrong because the area of this park ranges from glacier covered high peaks to the wet rainforests. Madidi and its neighboring regions are referred as one of the most biologically diverse regions on the planet. The park has a wide variety of flora and fauna and more than 2000 species are present in Madidi National Park. These 2000 species includes 272 species of mammals, 496 species of fish, 1,254 bird species, 204 species of reptiles and 213 species of amphibians. The park is very much eminent because of this huge range of insects including over 120,000 different species of insects. The climate of this region makes this place a more worth mentioning because the awesome whether over here will surely compel you to love this beauty.
Valle de la Luna is situated in Los Flamencos National Reserve, in Northern Chile’s Atacama Desert. It is 10 km distant from downtown La Paz. As the name “Valle de la Luna” indicates that the place is a valley but no, it’s not so. Actually it is a convolution of giant steeples and ravines which is decisive for its moonlike view of sand dunes having splendid range of coarseness and colors, peculiar rock formations and scraggy hills. Water and wind sculptured the numerous sand and stone formations that are located over here. Dry lakes are also the part of a valley. It gives a lovely sight when wind is blowing and the sky permutated from pink to purple and finally the sky passes to black. For its enormous and eye-catching natural beauty, it was declared as a Nature Sanctuary in 1982. Its land is fertile so various botanical species themselves can grow over here including San Pedro Cactus, hallucinogenic Choma etc. A hybrid of a rabbit and a fox called viscacha and odd lizards can also be found here. There are two circular walking trails leading to Valle de la Luna, one is the longest track which takes 45 minutes to reach the valley while the other is the shorter one which takes only 15 minutes. For visitors, cramped and precarious paths are provided. It is one of the worth mentioning places which must be visited while one is on the tour of La Paz, Bolivia.
Oruro or Uru Uru is a city in Bolivia situated at an equal distance between La Paz and Sucre. The city has a total population of 264,683 making it the 5th largest city of Bolivia by population. Like the previous two attractions, Oruro’s economy also depends upon its mining industry having elements like Tin, Tungsten (wolfram), Copper and Silver. The city was founded by Don Manuel Castro de Padilla in November 1, 1606. At the time of its discovery, it was named as Real Villa de San Felipe de Austria after the name of the Spanish monarch Philip III. The name of the city was changed and it was named as Oruro after the name of a native tribe “Uru Uru”. For a time being, La Salvadora Tin mine was considered as the most notable source of Tin in the world but eventually the resources of Tin became lesser and lesser that leads Oruro to its decline. The whole economy of the region is basically based upon mining although the economy is also supported by a large amount of tourism. Its economy further flourishes in the early 21st century by transportation and connections to Chile. Different sites and flavors of Oruro can be seen through its various carnivals that are the main reason to attract its tourist. Carnaval de Oruro is referred as one of the most beautiful folkoric events in South America. The Oruro Symphony Orchestra, Museo Patino, Church Catedral Nuestra Senora de La Asuncion, Church Iglesia de Cunchupata and the Universidad Tecnica de Oruro are the other important places.
When you have free time and you want to cheer up yourself with outing. Then there is no other place better than Muela del Diablo. It is an archetypal chrism that is situated in the South-East of the downtown area. For certain amusing activities, that the place endeavors you include mountain biking, hiking and sometimes even dirt biking. Hiking either lonely or with somebody, makes your half day refreshing and charming. The building is 150 m high. An extrusive rock protuberance is in fact an abolished plug that slants between the suburban sprawl of Pedregal and the Rio Choqueyapu and Calacoto. It also propounds you to view the enchanting spots of the city that remit you a gratifying sight.
Talking about the point of interest in La Paz and not taking a look upon Coca museum would not be appropriate because the place is surely valuable for chocolate lovers. The museum is referred as the Coca museum because of having an affluent history about the coca plant from the Andean region and from the related drug Cocaine. The museum is connected with International Coca Research Institute (ICORI) which is situated in La Paz, the capital of Bolivia. Coca museum was established by Dr. Jorge Hurtado and Dr. Roxana Miranda. The museum is a perfect and a complete place to know about the science, the history, the updates and every single thing that is related to Coca and Cocaine. New Coca Museum Extension is a must see visitation in the same place where the Coca plant was planted five thousand years ago. This extension is called “COCA WASI” that means “the house of the coca plant”. It is a hub of legal and traditional coca plantation in Bolivia where you can find ancient coca cultivations, take information about its agriculture and of course taste legal derivatives of this plant.
San Pedro Prison is ranked as the largest slammer in La Paz, Bolivia. It is the world’s weirdest visitor’s attraction. The first weirdest thing is that it is really an attraction and an addition to its weirdness is that visitors are allowed to visit it as a tourist site. The special fact about the prison is that it has a community within itself where the criminals have different jobs according to their knowledge and experience, they can do business in the society, sale and purchase or rent their property and even they can live with their families under certain provisions and stipulations. In the prison, those alpinists and climbers are caught who sniff cocaine, narcotics and who are on a tour to meet any prisoner. A prison hotel is also opened here where additional guests can stay over the nights. Though tourism in the jail is illegal but many tourists convince the guards for allowing them to enter the jail. When the guards are sure that none of the prisoner come out then they permit the entrants to do so. There is a separate room for the tourists. Firstly their names are registered along with their passport numbers here and mark the tourist’s arm which is the indication of being a tourist. Then the guards allow them to leave the prison. The entrance fee is $57 US dollars.
Illimani is referred as the highest mountain in the Cordillera Real situated in the western part of Bolivia. The mountain is present near the cities of La Paz and El Alto. Illimani has an honor to be the second highest mountain in Bolivia after Nevado Sajama having a height of 6,438 meters. The mountain is considered as one of the great and major landmark of the country and has been the part of many songs, dramas and movies. The mountain has four main peaks. Many of the tourists came to Illimani for the sake of climbing. It was first climbed by a French Explorator Charles Wiener, J. C. Ocampo and J. de Grumkow in 1877 but these guys were failed to reach the main top of the peak. Several attempts were made by different people but they were not succeeded to meet their desires. At last in 1898, a British climber William Martin Conway and two of his guiders made the first record to climb the peak of the mountain.
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