Jeddah, a Saudi Arabian port city is in the Hejaz Tihamah region on the beach of Red Sea. It has established from the 6th century BC. It is the largest city in Mecca Province and the second biggest city in Saudi Arabia. It covers an area of about 600 square miles and has a population of approximately 3,976,000. It is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia. It is a contemporary hub and a gateway for the excursions to the sacred Islamic cities Mecca and Madina.
The city has been titled as “different” by the majority of Saudis because of their effort to promote tourism in the city and had been previously apprehending as “most open” city in the country. It is one of Saudi Arabia’s primary resort cities and has been given the status of Gamma world city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GAWC). Unlike other parts of the country, given the cities close proximity to the Red Sea, fishing, and seafood prominent the food culture.
Financially, it is paying attention to further developing capital investment in scientific and engineering supremacy within Saudi Arabia and the Middle East. It was unaccompanied ranked fourth in the Africa- Mid East in means of innovation in the Innovation Cities Index in 2009.
It is the second largest city after Riyadh. Jeddah is the main gate for pilgrims who arrived by sea and air to perform Umrah, Hajj or to visit the Holy mosques. It is an industrial and very active commercial center with all new modern feature and facilities for umrah and hajj, country yards and squares. It also allures tourists towards it.
Jeddah has its own importance in the trading market and it was an eminent trading kernel for the country. The customarily exported products and items include mother-of-pearl, tortoise shells, frankincense and species. Saudi Arabia’s fourth largest industrial city is known other than Jeddah. After Dubai, it is the second commercial center of the Middle East because of the flying distance of 2 hours from North Africa and the Middle East to Jeddah.
The ratio of literacy rate is good in the country and people are always encouraged to get a better education but the concept of co-education isn’t accepted widely. So, the separate education system is there in the country. 849 public and private schools are just specified for the male persons while there are 1,179 schools for females in Jeddah. In both schools, teachers prefer to deliver their lectures in Arabic though they also emphasize on English as a second language. Some of Jeddah’s eminent and illustrious colleges and universities include King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), King Abdulaziz University, Arab Open University, Effat University and Dar Al-Hekma College.
If you are fond of reading books, then you cannot find a library better than The Central library at King Abdulaziz University. It is a five story architecture having a tremendous compilation and assortment of English books, Arabic books, documents and a lot more.
Being a trading hub, Jeddah is considered as the 32nd engrossed seaport in the world. King Abdulaziz International Airport has 4 passenger terminals serves Jeddah. In 1991, Coalition B-52 heavy bombers used an excerpt of the King Abdullah Air Base Airport during Operation Desert Storm. The beginning of Highway 40 in Jeddah conjoins it to other cities. A pervasive light metro system called as Jeddah Metro has planned to build by 2020.