Alexander the good based it. Queen Cleopatra lorded over it. Alexandria’s birth and early history may be a line card of known names. This was the Mediterranean’s dazzling jewel of a city; home to the good Library of Alexandria and therefore the prodigious tower beacon light – one among the seven wonders of the traditional world. In additional recent times, from the late nineteenth century up till the Fifties, Alexandria was one thing of a bohemian bad boy, with a scintillant solid of writers, poets, and artists WHO created town their home. Quite the other giant town in Egypt, Alexandria encompasses a romantic days-gone-by atmosphere that cannot be crushed which history lovers should not miss. Walk the long shore front Corniche road heading west, and you will finally hit Fort Qaitbey. it should be a poor substitute for what was once the positioning of the mighty tower beacon – one in every of the seven wonders of the traditional world – however this squat and dinky fort has been standing guard over Alexandria’s Japanese harbor since 1480.
The tower itself aforementioned adios to Alexandria in 1303 once it absolutely was toppled by a violent earthquake. Fort Qaitbey was designed by Mamluke ruler Qaitbey in a shot to fortify this vital Egyptian port from attack, and dust from the toppled beacon was utilized in its construction. Inside, you’ll explore the series of stone-walled chambers and climb up to the roof to seem out over the Mediterranean. Sumptuous Ras el-Tin Palace was once a summer escape for Egypt’s sultans once the desert heat of Cairo got an excessive amount of in touch. It is also the noted location wherever King Farouk – Egypt’s last king – formally abdicated in 1952 before sailing out of Alexandria’s harbor and into exile in Italy. Today, the palace is employed by the Egyptian navy, which suggests its superb interiors area unit out of bounds to casual guests; however the monumental white facade, best seen from the harbor waters, may be a must-see. The Alexandrian Library is one in all the foremost famed buildings within the entire town, and it’s additionally a reimagining of the celebrated ancient library of town from the third century! This is often one in all the simplest places within the country to be told concerning the history and culture of Egypt, with a Main Reading Hall which will setback to 2,000 readers at a time. Outside the library is even a lot of lovely, with a glass-paneled roof and a granite wall that’s carved with ancient Egyptian symbols. It’s nice for all ages, as there’s a museum and a Planetarium for youngsters to be told and have fun!
Anything you wish, you’ll notice at Alexandria’s main market square, or souq. This market is found within the central a part of the town and has everything you’ll imagine. From covering and food, to special souvenirs that you just will clear with you, you’re absolute to notice something that you just may have. The simplest half concerning the retailers in Alexandria is however distinctive each is. All of them concentrate on their own distinctive product for you to get pleasure from and purchase!