The Republic of China had its history started back in 1912, when the formation of the country as a constitutional republic put an end to 4000 years of imperial rule. The Qing dynasty also known as Manchu dynasty had ruled on China from 1644 to 1912. The Republic had gone through many ups and downs, many trials and regulations after its founding with including being dominated by elements as disparate as warlord generals and foreign powers.
In the late 19th and 20th century, the last days of Manchu dynasty were marked by civil unrest and foreign invasions. Various internal conflicts caused millions of deaths. Moreover, there was common thinking that the political power should turn from the minority of Manchus to the majority of Han Chinese.
China is a much-developed country and is on its road to success without any hurdles day after day. China replaces Japan as the world’s 2nd largest economy in 2010 after three decades of breakneck growth and effort. China is standing on no.1 having the largest economy in the whole world. Now it seems to be more like that the world economy has to adjust itself according to the term and conditions of China and economies of countries all across the world has to mold their selves as the Chinese economy. China’s growth probably is significantly lower but is more sustainable. Due to China’s role in different foreign affairs, the world also expects it from China to play its vital role in matters like global infrastructure development, fighting climate changes, poverty alleviation and the reforms of the international monetary system.
China achieves unprecedented rates of economic growth, poverty reduction, and development in the last past two decades and has made an impression on the world. Besides of having the biggest population in the whole world, China has served its natives very gently and its people are happy, healthy, satisfied and wealthy. The history of China is full of misfortune happenings; China had the highest suicidal rate in the world in 1990 about 23.2 suicides per 100,000 people per year from 1995 to 1999. Mental health was also a big issue here at that time. Many of its locals had many mental disorders because of the might of their mental dissatisfaction. But later on, China has overcome all these of its problem and provides its people a sense of security, protection, mental and physical satisfaction.
China had passed through many ups and downs and it has a lot of misery in its history but in past two decades, China rises itself to the very peak and now it can be called as somehow a super power as the China has reached the place in its economy which is not gained by even America and Russia. Every country has its own unique trajectory and also China’s economic boom happened as the centrally planned micro economic arrangement was being replaced by free market principles and accompanying changes in social welfare and other institutions. Also, there are thousands of cheap flights to China these days from which we can consider that their economy is getting higher everyday.
In the 90’s, like many other issues, China had great issues of poverty also. The problem of extreme poverty fell dramatically over 1980 to 2001. The progress was uneven. The progress of rural areas was a much more important task than development and progress of urban areas and when it did happen, China became able to resolve its issues and is now standing as one of the most powerful nations in the world.